Education Procurement in Bulgaria
School year 2018/2019
|Number of students
per class K-12
|General schools total||1.955||50.846||581.267||26.893|
|Primary (I-IV grade)||131||19.948||256.618||12.297|
|Basic (I-VII grade)||1 173||-||-||-|
|Integrated (I-X grade)||68||-||-||-|
|Secondary (I-XII grade)||468||-||-||-|
|of which private schools||78||-||10.113||-|
|Special schools total||9||-||690||88|
|Correctional boarding schools||3||-||66||-|
|Social-pedagogic boarding schools||1||-||22||-|
|Schools for hard hearing children||5||-||300||-|
|Schools for visually handicapped children||302||-|
|Vocational schools total||405||11.493||135.399||6.044|
|Art schools||21||1 632||8.890||417|
|Vocational training classes for attained of the first level professional qualification||-||24||2.493||179|
Source: Republic of Bulgaria, National Statistical Institute
Number of secondary level students per computer in 2017/2018
Statista 2020: Number of secondary level students per computer in selected European countries in 2017/2018, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1085636/secondary-students-per-computer-eu/
Legislation of EducationMore information
|Pre-school and School Education Act
promulgated in State Gazette No. 79 of 13 October 2015, in force since 01.08.2016, amended and supplemented, SG No. 99 of December 12, 2017) regulates public relations related to the provision of the right to pre-school and school education as well as the structure, functions, organization, management and financing of the system of pre-school and school education.
Vocational Education and Training Act
promulgated, State Gazette issue 68 of 30th July 1999, last amended State Gazette issue 103 of 28th December 2017 defines the purpose and the tasks of the vocational education and training system, its structure and nature, regulates the organisation, institutions, management and financing of the system of vocational education and training, and the social relations.
Ordinance No. 5 of 30.11.2015 on general education (promulgated, State Gazette issue 95 of 08.12.2015, effective since 08.12.2015), issued by the Minister of Education and Science, sets the state educational standard for the general education, as well as the curriculum structure of the general education subjects, the structure of the annual thematic distribution and the requirements for the integrative and the new additional general education subjects in the innovative schools.
Ordinance No. 8 of 11.08.2016 on the information and documents for the system of pre-school and school education (promulgated, State Gazette issue 66 of 23.08.2016, effective since 23.08.2016, last amended and supplemented, issue 75 of 15.09.2017, effective since 15.09.2017) issued by the Minister of Education and Science sets the state educational standard for information and documents on the system of pre-school and school education.
Ordinance No. 9 of 19.08.2016 on the institutions in the system of pre-school and school education (promulgated, State Gazette, issue 68 of 30.08.2016, effective since 30.08.2016, last amended and supplemented, issue 78 of 29.09.2017) issued by the Minister of Education and Science determines the state educational standard for institutions in the system of pre-school and school education.
Strategy for the Effective Implementation of Information and Communication Technologies in Education and Science in the Republic of Bulgaria (2014-2020)
The main goal of the strategy is to provide equal and flexible access to education and scientific information at any time and from anywhere. The objectives are:
For the first time, a unified digital information environment for school education, higher education and science is to be created. The strategy includes three stages.
Operational Programme Science and Education for Smart Growth 2014-2020
The programme is managed by the Executive Agency Operational Programme Science and Education for Smart Growth. It supports the reform of the pre-school and school education, as well as of the higher education, in particular by improving the correspondence between their results and the needs in the labour market and by enhancing the cooperation between education, research institutes and business.
The resources of OP SESG are concentrated in several thematic areas. One of them is the Capacity building for research and development (R&D) in the priority areas of the Innovation Strategy for Smart Specialization (IS3) in the field of Informatics and ICT among others.
Within the framework of the 'Science and Education for Smart Growth' operational programme, the Ministry of Education undertook to lead a three-year project (2018-2020) aimed at improving teacher-specific digital competences in-service through relevant training. This mainly focuses on shaping the digital competences needed for teaching and learning and on the use of innovative technologies and interactive methods and tools in the educational process. The training covers a large number of topics such as the application of digital technologies in all subjects, using digital technologies and electronic resources, and the application of ICT in education.
National Strategy for Lifelong Learning (2014-2020)
It was adopted with DCM № 12 of January 10, 2014. It outlines the content, forms, environment, and interactions among all players in the lifelong learning process. It sets out the strategic framework of the government’s policy in education and training during the 2014-2020 period. The main aim is to contribute to the attainment the European goal for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.
The administration of school education is organized on four levels: national, regional, municipal and school level.
Organization responsible for education
|Role of the organization||
|Ministry of Education and Science||Specialised body of the Council of Ministers for the administration of education.
|Center for Control and Assessment of the Quality in Education||A state scientific-informative section of the Ministry of Education and Science. It implements its activity by developing models and mechanisms for school-based evaluation and assessment, systems for control of the quality in education in schools and preparation test materials for different kinds of examinations which are given to the Ministry of Education and Science.|
|The National VET Agency||A specialized body directly subject to the Council of Ministers.
|28 regional education inspectorates||
|Pedagogical Councils of each school||
European Commission – Eurydice:
Funding of educationMore information
|Type of schools||Source of funds|
|Primary and Basic schools||Mainly (approximately 90%) municipal. They are funded individually by uniform standard on the basis of the number of the learners enrolled in the school.|
|Schools providing general education||Mainly (approximately 90%) municipal. They are also funded by the municipal budgets individually by uniform standard on the basis of the number of the learners enrolled in the school.|
|Vocational schools||Mainly (approximately 90%) state-owned. They are funded by the state budget through the Ministry of Education and Science. Their budgets are individual according to the amount of the standard and the number of the enrolled learners.|
|The head teacher of each school manages the school’s funds – both budgetary and extra-budgetary.|
European Commission – Eurydice: Key Features of the Education System, Bulgaria, https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/bulgaria_en
Public expenditure on education ISCED (2011) (million EUR)More information
|Year||Primary education||Lower secondary education||Upper secondary education||Total|
Source: Eurostat (online data codes: educ_uoe_fine01)
Expenditure on educational institutions ISCED (2011) (Million EUR)More information
|Year||Expenditure||Primary education||Lower secondary education||Upper secondary education||Total|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||4,3||4,3||5,6||4,8|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||6,1||6,2||6,6||6,3|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||7,0||6,8||7,9||7,3|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||3,7||3,7||5,2||4,2|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||3,1||3,2||4,7||3,7|
Source: Eurostat (online data code: educ_uoe_fini01)
Investment plan for education / ICT in educationMore information
|The Operational Programme “Science and Education for Smart Growth” was dedicated to the development of science and education between 2014 and 2020. It has been financed from European and national funds and has been managed by the Ministry of Education and Science with a total budget of 1.37 billion BGN. It has three main objectives:
|Source: Executive Agency Science and Education for Smart Growth Operational Programme, http://sf.mon.bg/?lang=en|
Procurement ProcedureMore information
|Public procurement system is rather centralised. In order to increase local control by decentralising budget, the number of contracting authorities has risen in recent years. More procurement contracts became controlled by mayors, school administrators and other municipal officials.
Public procurement is very complex and continuously changing both in legal and regulatory terms.
Public Procurement Agency (PPA) (www.aop.bg/index.php?ln=1): main body responsible for public procurement which is an independent body belonging organizationally to the Ministry of Economy.
Central Financing and Contracting Unit Directorate (within the Ministry of Finance): purchasing body for central administration.
Commission for the Protection of Competition (CPC) (http://reg.cpc.bg/): first instance review body examining and deciding on claims of irregularities in public procurement processes. It has the right to interrupt the procedure in case of non-compliance and impose sanctions.
National Audit Office (NAO) (www.bulnao.government.bg/en):