Education Procurement in Hungary
|School year 2018/2019|
|Type of school||Number of schools K-12||Number of classroomsK-12||Number of teachers K-12||Number of students K-12||Number of classes K-12||Number of students per computer K-12|
|Primary school||3 575||36 924||76 461||726 266||36 503||4,9|
|Vocational school||719||4 096||7 675||76 022||4 733||4,2|
|High school||1 580||14 441||36 099||340 392||13 238|
|Total||5 874||55 461||120 235||1 142 680||54 474||4,4|
Source: Hungarian Central Statistical Office
 The number of students refers to students participating in full-time training.
 The number of computers include only computers used for educational purposes in 2018.
Legislation of EducationMore information
Act CXC of 2011 on National Public Education
Government Decree 229/2012 (VIII.28.) on the Implementation of the Act on National Public Education
Act LXXX of 2019 on Vocation Education and Training
Government Decree 12/2020 (II.7.) on the Implementation of the Act on Vocational Education and Training
Vocational Education and Training 4.0. – The medium-term policy strategy of the reform of Vocational Education and Training and Adult Education, 2019, Ministry of Innovation and Technology
Digital Education Strategy, 2016
|Organization responsible for education||Role of the organization||Website|
|Ministry of Human capacities (EMMI)||Responsible for primary schools, secondary schools and tertiary education
|Educational Authority (OH)||
|National Public Education Council||Professional advisory body of the Ministry of Human Capacities through
|Hungarian Institute for Educational Research and Development||Advisory body||https://ofi.oh.gov.hu/en/
|National Vocational and Adult Training Office||Advisory body working for the Ministry of Innovation and Technology||www.nive.hu|
|Vocational Training Centres||
|Municipalities||Responsible for delivering early childhood education and care.|
OECD – Education Policy Outlook: Hungary, 2015, www.oecd.org/education/Hungary-Profile.pdf
Funding of educationMore information
|Type of schools||Source of funds|
|Public schools||Funding is managed directly by the Klebelsberg Centre which allocates funds from the budget of the Ministry of Human Capacities. The salaries of teachers, the transportation costs, and costs of construction, renovation and extensions are financed by the Klebelsberg Centre. For the definition of the number of funds, student numbers and socio-economic circumstances are taken into consideration.|
|Independent private schools||Receive funding for their operation, but these funds are allocated directly by the Ministry of Human Capacities.|
OECD – Education Policy Outlook: Hungary, 2015, www.oecd.org/education/Hungary-Profile.pdf
Public expenditure on education ISCED (2011) (million EUR)More information
|Year||Primary education||Lower secondary education||Upper secondary education||Total|
|Source: Eurostat (online data codes: educ_uoe_fine01)|
|2017||2 702,0||2 702,0|
|Source: Hungarian Central Statistical Office – Education expenditures of the central budget: www.ksh.hu/docs/hun/xstadat/xstadat_eves/i_zoi014.html
Note: The amount for the year 2017 was converted with the use of the exchange rate published for the 29th December 2017 by the Central Bank of Hungary, that is: 1 EUR = 310,14 HUF
Expenditure on educational institutions ISCED (2011) (Million EUR)More information
|Year||Expenditure||Primary education||Lower secondary education||Upper secondary education||Total|
|2012||Current expenditure||721,0||751,4||923,9||2 396,3|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||3,1||3,0||3,0||3,0|
|2013||Current expenditure||881,6||544,7||854,1||2 380,4|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||1,8||2,3||2,6||2,2|
|2014||Current expenditure||580,4||598,3||1 388,8||2 567,5|
|Total||622,6||628,6||1 463,3||2 714,5|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||6,8||4,8||5,1||5,4|
|Current expenditure||832,6||743,9||1 176,3||2 752,8|
|Total||865,0||776,8||1 214,7||2 856,5|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||3,7||4,2||3,2||3,6|
|2016||Current expenditure||890,8||903,7||1 300,9||3 095,4|
|Total||910,8||932,1||1 347,5||3 190,4|
|Share of capital expenditure (%)||2,2||3,0||3,5||3,0|
Source: Eurostat (online data code: educ_uoe_fini01)
Investment plan for education / ICT in educationMore information
|In the frame of the Human Resource Development Operational Programme, the Hungarian Government published a call for proposal EFOP-4.1.2-17 “School 2020 - Infrastructural development of public education institutions to facilitate the compensation of disadvantages and to create quality education”. The object of the call is the infrastructural development of public education institutions based on their real needs and lacks, as well as the formation of functional units and places of exercising functions supporting effective pedagogical set of instruments, methodological renewal, fitting to quality education and the infrastructural needs of daily gymnastics. The total amount of grants is 65 204 million HUF (182 242 million EUR). The implementation of the projects should happen between 2017-2021.
In the central budget of Hungary for 2020 the following capital expenditures are earmarked for organizations in relation with education:
At the beginning of 2020 the European Investment Bank provided a loan of 50 000 million HUF (140 million EUR) for the building of 8 new schools, the reconstruction of 16 institutions and the establishment of 60 sport facilities in relation with education.
 Exchange rate on the 26th March 2020: 1 EUR = 357,79 HUF
Procurement ProcedureMore information
|Two main bodies are responsible for the public procurement system whose responsibilities are shared as follows:
1. Prime Minister’s Office (www.kormany.hu/en)
2. Public Procurement Authority (www.kozbeszerzes.hu/english) is the primary executive agency
Directorate General for Public Procurement and Supply (KEF) (www.kozbeszerzes.gov.hu/1): central purchasing body for central government agencies. The use of the KEF is obligatory, especially in the case of some product categories, such as software and IT services, vehicles and office products.
At the local level, contracting authorities have the right and they are obliged to implement their own public procurement processes, however, it is allowed by law to use the central purchasing body in their territories.
State Audit Office (SAO) (www.asz.hu/en): performs external overviews of public procurement procedures. Its recommendations are mandatory for contracts in case of serious irregularities.
Claims can be submitted to the contracting authorities, but if it is not solved in a way that is acceptable for both parties, it can be forwarded to the Public Procurement Arbitration Board (KDB), which has the authority to impose fines and sanctions and it can also exclude tenderers from participating in future procurement. Appeals against the decision of the KDB can be sent to the regional courts, and the decisions of the regional courts are subject to review by the Curia (Supreme Court of Hungary) (www.kuria-birosag.hu/en).
The Klebelsberg Centre (https://kk.gov.hu/) exercises the authority above schools through the education districts. If a school would like to purchase a new ICT tool or solution, the following procedure has to be implemented:
1. the teachers together with the principal determine their ICT needs
2. the principal sends the need to the leader of the school district
3. the leader of the education district collects the needs of all the schools that it is responsible for and send it to the Klebelsberg Centre
4. in Klebelsberg Centre there are experts who decide which tools or solutions should be purchased and when.
Municipal school's districts can decide on low-value procurements. Schools do not exercise a decision making a right.
The most important decisive factors in educational technology purchases:
This is a semi-centralized and very long process, moreover, the procurement has to follow the regulations regarding ICT solutions in the respective Hungarian law.
Source: European Commission: Public procurement – Study on administrative capacity in the EU Hungary Country Profile,
Other Important InformationMore information
One of the most important barriers of using ICT tools in the schools is the lack of knowledge of the teachers. In 2016, the Digital Education Strategy of Hungary was created and in the framework of the implementation of it, considerable effort has been made in the ICT skills development and the improvement of the quality of ICT tools in the classrooms.
As part of the implementation in 2017, the MOBIDIK Programme (www.mobidik.hu) was introduced: it contained a container equipped with modern ICT tools for education – 3D printer, LEGO robots, tablets, Tv with a touch screen, etc. 15 schools were chosen, and in each school, the container was used for a week. The programme included training for the teachers in order to learn the use of the different tools. The programme was financed by different Hungarian entities: universities, private companies, associations. This programme was an important step in the improvement of the ICT use in the schools and in the change of teachers’ attitude towards ICT solutions.